5 Age-Related Hormone Changes

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Many things change with age. Age-related hormone changes are among those and very typical. Becoming familiar with your body\’s hormone changes can make them less overwhelming when they occur. Every age is a good age to learn about your hormones.  

Understanding Age-Related Hormone Changes

Men and women both have age-related hormone changes. If you look at them as segmented changes throughout your life, the way they adjust could even make more sense to you. You may even find yourself considering hormone therapy as time and changes occur.   

Your 20s 

It may seem like in your 20s, testosterone and estrogen are the main points of hormone discussion. For men, testosterone levels reach their peak at 18 to 20 years old. On the other hand, women\’s estrogen levels don\’t reach their peak until the mid to late 20s. Stepping away from testosterone and estrogen, melatonin gradually declines throughout a person\’s life. Age-related hormone changes may not seem like something to worry about in your 20s, but it is valuable to know. 

It is never too early to learn about your body\’s hormone changes. At Chapel Hill Gynecology, we can provide advice and treatments for you at any age. Age-related hormone changes can seem like something easy to put off, but we can help at any age. 

Your 30s 

In your 30s, there can begin to be a decline of estrogen and progesterone in your body. There can also be declines in essential muscle-building hormones. This results in muscle loss, a slower metabolism, and weight gain. 

According to the Mayo Clinic, men see their peak testosterone levels in their adolescent and early adult years. That being said, their 30s are when they start to see some levels of decline. It is about 1% per year. 

Your 40s 

The Mayo Clinic discusses the implications of perimenopause in some women in their late 30s and mostly into their 40s. This can also be referred to as the menopausal transition. This is when the body is preparing to enter the menopause phase. During perimenopause, estrogen rises and falls unevenly. The perimenopause period ends after 12 months without a menstrual period. That is the mark of the beginning of menopause. While it may seem early to be discussing menopause, age-related hormone changes can mean needing to learn more.  

Your 50s 

Your late 40s and early 50s can contain the beginning stages of menopause. The North American Menopause Society details how menopause can cause many symptoms, from hot flashes to fatigue. Menopause is caused by these reproductive hormones declining, decreasing fertility. Men start to see a decline in testosterone in their 50s as well. It is not at the point of andropause, but it approaches that time. 

Hormone therapy can be the answer to creating a more comfortable environment for your body through menopause. Chapel Hill Gynecology can help you find the perfect solution to your hormone therapy needs.  

Your 60s and on

For men, they can begin to go through andropause. This is when testosterone levels start to decline more rapidly, and the effects can be seen physically and often even emotionally. This can also affect muscle mass and increase central body fat. This time is past menopause when fertility is done, and reproductive years are in the past for women. Women are no longer ovulating at this point as well. 

During this time, you can also notice changes in insulin levels that can cause further symptoms. Insulin sensitivity can be related to age and can even increase body fat. Maintaining a healthy diet can help against this as time and age progress. 


Looking for more information on age-related hormone changes? At Chapel Hill Gynecology, we are on a mission to provide state-of-the-art evaluation and management for hormonal issues affecting women as well as men. Find out more on our website or give us a call at (919) 960-2720. 

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